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Current Pediatric Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Review Article

Treatment Strategies for Hypercholesterolemia

Author(s): Jacob Hartz and Sarah Clauss*

Volume 13 , Issue 4 , 2017

Page: [243 - 254] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1573396314666180111143900

Price: $58


Background: Atherosclerotic disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adults and is generally thought of as only affecting adults. However, the pathologic changes in vessels leading to atherosclerosis, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, have been shown to begin in early adolescence.

Objectives: There is a growing body of literature suggesting that earlier treatment, through lifestyle changes and pharmacotherapy, can help reduce this risk. A growing number of children are presenting with elevated cholesterol because of the increased prevalence of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Methods: In addition, an increasing number of children are living with previously fatal diseases that increase the risk of atherosclerosis, either because of the disease process or as adverse effect of the treatment, such as human immunodeficiency virus, Kawasaki disease, and cardiac transplantation.

Result and Conclusion: In addition, specific disorders of cholesterol metabolism, such as Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) may be encountered in a pediatric practice.

Keywords: Atherosclerotic, cholesterol, Hypercholesterolemia, pharmacotherapy, atherosclerosis, disease.

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