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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Review Article

Heterocyclic Compounds: Effective α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase Inhibitors

Author(s): Mina Saeedi, Abbas Hadjiakhondi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi and Azadeh Manayi

Volume 17 , Issue 4 , 2017

Page: [428 - 440] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1568026616666160824104655

Price: $58

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar levels. Recently, it has emerged as an important and global health problem with long-term complications and high economic burden. α-Amylase (α-Amy) and α-glucosidase (α-Gls) are two enzymes which are involved in the hydrolysis of starch into sugars and disaccharides leading to the increase of blood glucose level. Hence, inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase plays key role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Heterocyclic compounds -both synthetic and naturally occurring derivatives- possess efficient biological properties. At this juncture, they have demonstrated potent inhibitory activity against α-Amy and α-Gls and were found to be versatile tools for the development of novel anti-diabetic agents.

Keywords: α-Amylase, α-Glucosidase, Diabetes, Heterocycles, Synthesis, Natural Products.

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