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CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5273
ISSN (Online): 1996-3181

NLRP3 Is Involved in Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury

Author(s): Zhiliang Guo, Shuhong Yu, Xin Chen, Ruidong Ye, Wusheng Zhu and Xinfeng Liu

Volume 15 , Issue 6 , 2016

Page: [699 - 712] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1871527315666160321111829

Price: $58

Abstract

Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Inflammatory response is initiated by the detection of pathogen-associated molecular patterns and/or damage-associated molecular patterns via extracellular and intracellular pattern recognition receptors. The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain–like receptor family, pyrin domain containing protein 3 (NLRP3) is a component of pattern recognition receptors and serves a vital role in inflammatory response by forming an intracellular multi-protein complex known as NLRP3 inflammasome. There is increasing evidence that NLRP3 inflammasome acts as guardians against host-derived danger materials. The inappropriate activation of NLRP3 contributes to the progression of I/R injury such as myocardial, cerebral, renal, hepatic and retinal I/R injuries. In this review, we summarize the role of NLRP3 in inflammatory response and discuss the relationship between NLRP3 and I/R injury. We also provide insights into new treatment strategies for targeting NLRP3 inflammasome, as well as the upstream and downstream components of NLRP3 in alleviating I/R injury.

Keywords: Inflammasome, ischemia/reperfusion injury, NLRP3, treatment, targets.

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