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Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-529X
ISSN (Online): 2212-4063

Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury: Potential of TRPV1 Agonists as Cardioprotective Agents

Author(s): Praveen Vemula, Bikki Gautam, George S. Abela and Donna H. Wang

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2014

Page: [71 - 78] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1871529X13666131129103759

Price: $58

Abstract

Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) induced injury has widespread detrimental effects partially negating the benefits obtained from early revascularization in Acute Myocardial Infarction. Various complex mechanisms contribute to I/R injury and different agents targeting those specific mechanisms are being studied. Despite continued research and widespread interest, none of them have become incorporated into everyday practice. The TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid 1) channel is a non selective cation channel predominantly expressed in sensory neurons with the nerve fibers innervating the heart and blood vessels. Multiple studies have demonstrated the importance of the activation of TRPV1 and subsequent release of sensory neurotransmitters in cardioprotection. This review focuses on the role of TRPV1 in prevention of cardiac I/R injury, the work that has been done so far and future implications for TRPV1 agonists as cardioprotective agents.

Keywords: Agonist, cardioprotection, Ischemia/Reperfusion, myocardium, TRPV1.


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