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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Therapy for Cardio Renal Disorders

Author(s): Marlies E.J. Reinders, Danielle G. Leuning, Johan W. de Fijter, Martin.J. Hoogduijn and Ton J. Rabelink

Volume 20 , Issue 14 , 2014

Page: [2412 - 2429] Pages: 18

DOI: 10.2174/13816128113199990477

Price: $58

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease carries a very high mortality risk, in particular from cardiac diseases. Often heart failure and renal failure coincide, a phenomenon referred to as the cardio renal syndrome. In recent years, it has become clear that not only fibrotic repair but also restoration of damaged kidney and heart can occur and the use of cell therapy has been advanced as a means to activate endogenous repair mechanisms or even to re-introduce repairing tissue. In this perspective, mesenchymal stromal cells are of particular interest, since these cells have both immune modulating and reparative functions and are on the brink of entering the clinical arena. Indeed, MSCs can trigger numerous therapeutic biologic processes that contribute to both renal and cardiac repair; however exact mechanisms of actions are largely unknown. In the present review we have made a critical appraisal of the data available with respect to origin and function of MSCs, and we discuss both preclinical as well as clinical evidence on their therapeutic potential in kidney and heart disease.

Keywords: Mesenchymal stromal cells, renal disease, cardiac disease, organogenesis, repair, immune modulation.


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