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Current Cardiology Reviews

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Tako-tsubo Cardiomyopathy: A Review of the Literature

Author(s): Todd A. Dorfman, Raed Aqel, Marc Mayhew and Ami E. Iskandrian

Volume 3 , Issue 2 , 2007

Page: [137 - 142] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/157340307780618352

Price: $58

Abstract

The diagnosis of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) must be considered in all patients who develop transient left ventricular apical (or mid ventricular) ballooning in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Although the prevalence of TC remains unknown, approximately 2% of all patients presenting with a presumed diagnosis of ST elevation myocardial infarction have been found to have this syndrome. TC usually occurs in the setting of physical or emotional stress associated with excessive sympathetic stimulation and catecholamine release. A literature review and illustrative case report are provided.

Keywords: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, transient left ventricular apical ballooning, catecholamines


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