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Current Cardiology Reviews

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

New Perspectives of Infections in Cardiovascular Disease

Author(s): Ignatius W. Fong

Volume 5 , Issue 2 , 2009

Page: [87 - 104] Pages: 18

DOI: 10.2174/157340309788166679

Price: $58

Abstract

Infections have been recognized as significant causes of cardiac diseases for many decades. Various microorganisms have been implicated in the etiology of these diseases involving all classes of microbial agents. All components of the heart structure can be affected by infectious agents, i.e. pericardium, myocardium, endocardium, valves, autonomic nervous system, and some evidence of coronary arteries. A new breed of infections have evolved over the past three decades involving cardiac implants and this group of cardiac infectious complications will likely continue to increase in the future, as more mechanical devices are implanted in the growing ageing population. This article will review the progress made in the past decade on understanding the pathobiology of these infectious complications of the heart, through advances in genomics and proteomics, as well as potential novel approach for therapy. An up-to-date, state-of-the-art review and controversies will be outlined for the following conditions: (i) perimyocarditis; (ii) infective endocarditis; (iii) cardiac device infections; (iv) coronary artery disease and potential role of infections.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease, Infections, microbial agents, proteomics, perimyocarditis, coronary artery disease


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