Oral Infections and Cardiovascular Disease

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

Author(s): Morten Enersen

Pp: 17-25 (9)

Doi: 10.2174/978160805232511101010017

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)

Abstract

Periodontal diseases are a group of pathological conditions of the supporting tissues of the teeth. They are generally accepted as polymicrobial infections elicited by a complex of bacterial species that interact with the release of a broad array of inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and mediators from the host, some of which lead to destruction of the structures of the periodontium and alveolar bone [1]. The purpose of this chapter is to give the reader a brief overview of factors which are considered as risk factors for development of periodontal diseases.

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