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Current Medical Imaging

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4056
ISSN (Online): 1875-6603

Research Article

Comparison Between Computed Tomography Angiography and Digital Subtraction Angiography in Critical Lower Limb Ischemia

Author(s): Hesham Ebrahim Ahmed Al-rudaini, Ping Han* and Huimin Liang

Volume 15 , Issue 5 , 2019

Page: [496 - 503] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1573405614666181026112532

Price: $58

Abstract

Background: CT Angiography (CTA) of aortoiliac and lower extremity arteries is a relatively recent innovation of CT imaging that has changed after the introduction of multi-detector row scanners.

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Multidetector Computed Tomographic Angiography (MDCTA) in the assessment of arterial tree in patients with Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease (PAOD), as compared to Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA).

Methods: A single-center nonrandomized prospective study was conducted on 50 patients complaining of peripheral arterial disease (chronic stage) from February 2017 to October 2017. All the patients were exposed to DSA and CTA prior to definitive treatment. The images were then analyzed using maximum intensity projection, volume-rendered, and curved multiplane reformation techniques.

Results: All the patients involved in this study were susceptible according to their clinical presentation. The statistical analysis exposed a highly significant difference between CTA and DSA in the assessment of stenosis at the level of Femoropopliteal segment (P<0.01), while for infrapopliteal segment, there was no statistically significant difference between CTA and DSA having 8% versus 14% insignificant stenosis and 62% versus 47% significant stenosis in CTA and DSA, respectively. The overall accuracy of CT angiography in the femoropopliteal segments was 95.20% while in the infrapopliteal segment it was 94.5%.

Conclusion: Multidetector CT angiography was found to be a reliable alternative mean for pathoanatomical description of the arterial lesions in critical lower limb ischemia and its subsequent management in comparison to digital subtraction angiography.

Keywords: Multi-detector computer tomography, lower extremity arteries, peripheral arterial disease, digital subtraction angiography, critical lower limb ischemia, atherosclerosis.

Graphical Abstract
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