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Current Analytical Chemistry

Eiditor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4110
ISSN (Online): 1875-6727

Research Article

A Box-Behnken Optimized Methodology for the Quantification of Diclofenac using a Carbon Paste-Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Electrode

Author(s): Miriam Franco Guzmán, Luis Humberto Mendoza Huizar, Carlos Andrés Galán Vidal, Gabriela Roa Morales and Giaan A. Álvarez Romero*

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2019

Page: [294 - 304] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1573411014666180423151749

Price: $58

Abstract

Background: Diclofenac is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Recent studies have shown that frequent consumption of this drug in high concentrations can cause heart diseases, so strict control of diclofenac’s quantity in commercial drugs is necessary. This paper presents the development of an optimized voltammetric methodology for the quantification of diclofenac, which offers some advantages over other electrochemical and accepted methods.

Objective: Optimize with a Box-Behnken design the differential pulse voltammetry parameters towards the quantification of diclofenac in pharmaceutical samples.

Methods: Diclofenac behavior in the working electrode was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry, in order to stablish the best conditions for diclofenac’s quantification. A Box-Behnken design was then used to optimize the differential pulse voltammetry parameters and stablish the analytical behavior of the proposed methodology. Commercial tablets were prepared for analysis according to the Pharmacopeia, the DPV optimized methodology was used to quantify diclofenac in the samples, and the results were statistically compared with those obtained with the official methodology.

Results: After optimization, the analytical parameters found were: correlation coefficient of 0.998, detection limit of 0.001 µM, quantification limit of 0.0033 µM and sensitivity of 0.299 µA.µM-1. The statistical analysis showed there were no significant differences between the results obtained with the proposed methodology and those obtained with the official methodology.

Conclusion: The statistical analysis showed that the proposed methodology is as reliable as the official spectrophotometric one for the quantification of diclofenac in commercial drugs, with very competitive analytical parameters, and even better to others found with more complex electrodes.

Keywords: Box-behnken optimization, carbon paste electrode, diclofenac, differential pulse voltammetry, multiwalled carbon nanotubes, pharmaceutical samples.

Graphical Abstract
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